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講演者:
Em. Prof. Marc Baron Van Montagu
Institute Plant Biotechnology for Developing Countries (IPBO) Universiteit Gent Belgium
www.ipbo.UGent.be; www.efb-central.org; www.psb.UGent.be

講演タイトル:
Both Industry and the Environment Need a Global Investment in Plant Biotechnology

日時:
2008年10月9日(木)午後4時00分~5時30分

会場:
学士会館 202号室
東京都千代田区神田錦町3-28
http://www.gakushikaikan.co.jp/

レセプション:
セミナー後、ベルギー大使館主催の簡単なレセプションがあります。
※ 講演、レセプションの参加費は無料です。事前登録も不要です。

主催:
駐日ベルギー大使館、ベルギー フランダース政府貿易投資局

共催・協賛:
理化学研究所植物科学研究センター、日本植物細胞分子生物学会


講演要旨:

The green revolution demonstrated the power and the constraints of classical plant breeding. The ongoing increase of the World Population and the great interest of industry in plants as a raw material for chemicals and energy production request an urgent development of a sustainable agriculture with a double or triple yield increase on the same acreage of arable land. The soaring petroleum prices oblige the chemical industry to consider the intensive cultivation of some orphan crops (eg: cassava) and the domestication of many wild species and weeds. Progress in molecular genetics is bringing the knowledge and the new tools to Plant Biotechnology to enable this transition. However the hesitation by governments to encourage this economic development has allowed some political and ideological pressure groups to misinform society on the problems and challenges of this novel agricultural production. Underinvestment in Plant Biotechnology has already brought substantial delays in knowledge acquisition and application and has blocked initiatives for prototype development by small and medium enterprises. It did not stimulate our schools of agriculture to embrace this technology. Today it becomes a global imperative that plant breeders obtain access to these technologies and learn how to construct the high yielding plants industry and society are waiting for. Plant Biotechnology is not only gene engineering but also marker assisted breeding and most importantly fundamental R&D on the molecular basis of plant growth and development.

The public sector has also to give priority to establishing the appropriate networks between the leading Institutes of the Industrialised World and the best of plant research teams in the Developing Countries. The fundamental research on how plants perceive react and sometimes overcome abiotic stress (salt drought extreme temperatures and toxic ion concentrations) is progressing well. Although our understanding of stress biology in resistant model plants like Arabidopsis is well advanced we are still a long step away from constructing the improved crops needed. Efficient engineering by Agrobacterium of the desired
cultivars is also a bottle neck. A much better study of soil micro-organisms and plant microbe interactions is also needed not only for better plant health but for attempting soil reconstructions and fertilisation of arid regions.

Despite all this promise the best of plant sciences cannot help if we cannot obtain the confidence of society for these technologies. We should be able to explain that the solution of our environmental problems and most of all the building of a sustainable agriculture is only possible by applying plant biotechnology and not by looking backwards to a world with less then 2 Billion people.

We have to solve the overregulation which presently stops all introductions of transgenic plants by SME’s (Small and Medium
Enterprises). No knowledge based bio-economy can develop without these intermediates and an enabling policy infrastructure.

The chemical industry should become aware that the biotechnology innovation is not simply a resource for the agrochemical industry but an enormous opportunity for using the best of scientific innovation to build a more sustainable and environmentally friendlier industry.


講演者について:

Marc Van Montagu is professor emeritus of the University of Ghent Belgium. He discovered the gene transfer mechanism between Agrobacterium and plants and therefore he is worldwide recognised as the founding father of gene engineering for plants and the technology to create transgenic plants.

He has received numerous outstanding awards for his pioneering work. He has been a foreign associate of the United States National Academy of Sciences since 1986 the agricultural Academy of Russia and France the Academy of Engineering of Sweden and the Italian Academy of Sciences dei XL. He holds 6 Doctor Honoris Causa Degrees. In 1990 he was granted the title of Baron by King Baudouin of Belgium.

In 1998 the prestigious Japan Prize was presented to him by The Science and Technology Foundation of Japan “for the establishment of the theory and method of the production of transgenic plants”.

The present seminar is organised to mark the 10 anniversary of this event.

問合先:〒263-8522千葉市稲毛区弥生町1-33 
千葉大学大学院薬学研究院・理研PSC 斉藤和季
Tel: 043-290-2904,Fax: 043-290-2905
E-mail: ksaito@faculty.chiba-u.jp